Среда, 1 февраля, 2023
ДомойNatureCOP27: Progress or standstill on nature?

COP27: Progress or standstill on nature?

The closing assertion from COP27 in Egypt acknowledged the pressing want to deal with the interlinked crises of local weather change and biodiversity loss.

This echoes the widespread recognition that the world can’t obtain essential greenhouse gasoline emissions reductions to guard in opposition to local weather breakdown with out stopping the destruction and degradation of world forests, wetlands, grasslands and oceans.

However did COP27 obtain progress in defending nature?

The excellent news is that quite a few notable bulletins had been made associated to nature. The unhealthy information is that the heavy lifting on really halting and reversing nature loss is being left to the Nature COP in Montreal subsequent month. 

First, the USA’ dedicated to speculate $25 Billion in nature-based options. Nonetheless, little element was supplied on how these funds will likely be spent and what nature-based options will likely be prioritized. Extra typically, concern expressed at COP27, by indigenous individuals and others, that the dearth of clear definition of nature-based options leaves them prone to being co-opted by companies in wealthy international locations to “offset” business-as-usual local weather air pollution, whereas inflicting hurt to land rights of Indigenous individuals and different front-line communities within the South. Robust social and environmental safeguards are wanted to make sure that nature-based options convey local weather, biodiversity and human advantages. 

Second, Canada and 25 different international locations formally launched the Forests and Local weather Leaders’ Partnership, saying that greater than half of the $12 billion dedicated at COP26 to guard and restore forests has been spent or dedicated. Nonetheless, no new funding was introduced, and the extent of funds nonetheless falls far brief of what’s required to guard forests (solely about 24% of what’s wanted has been dedicated in line with the Worldwide Institute for Sustainable Improvement). There’s additionally concern that the Partnership is focussing on deforestation within the South, whereas permitting degradation from industrial logging in northern international locations to proceed. Certainly, over 100 scientists launched a letter on November 15 calling for signatories of the Glasgow Declaration on Forests to acknowledge – and halt – the degradation triggered in main forests by clear-cut logging in industrialized international locations. Canada, particularly, must do higher in recognizing and addressing the local weather harms attributable to logging: Nature Canada and over 70 well being and surroundings teams lately referred to as on Canada to extra clearly reporting GHG emission from logging – one of many highest emitting sectors of the Canadian economic system – and to behave to scale back these emissions.

Third, President Lula of Brazil garnered vital consideration with a dedication to halt forest loss from logging by 2030, stating that if logging firms need timber “they’ve to purchase a chunk of land and develop a brand new tree. A 200- or 300-year-old previous tree shouldn’t be essential.”  Right here’s hoping that it will leverage stronger commitments to guard main and old-growth forests in Canada!

On the local weather aspect, the important thing achievement of COP27 was clearly the win by Southern international locations and world local weather activists of a loss and harm fund paid into by industrialized international locations whose emissions have pushed climate-caused hurt and destruction.

And whereas there have been some “nuggets” of recent commitments to scale back emissions, there was nonetheless no breakthrough on language on the mandatory part out fossil fuels, one thing that was pushed for by the EU and the US, however which Canada very disappointingly opposed.

In consequence, 1.5C appears to be slipping out of attain. 

All of which makes the safety and restoration of vital ecosystems – and success in reaching a brand new settlement to halt and reverse nature loss globally – all of the extra vital.

COP15 will likely be a key second.

Nature Canada has joined with 15 different nationwide organizations to advocate for Canada to ship key commitments at COP, together with its intention for an bold nationwide motion plan to halt and reverse nature loss at residence; new Indigenous-led protected areas, motion to advance nature-based options, and extra worldwide funding for biodiversity motion.

With COP in Montreal – now could be the time for Canada to guide.  Discover out how one can assist leverage this as soon as and a decade second for motion to guard nature – at residence and world wide. Be a part of 1000’s of Canadians by sending a letter to Prime Minister Trudeau on the NatureBus excursions that will likely be amassing messages from individuals throughout the nation – together with very doubtless a metropolis close to you!



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